Интеллектуальные технологии и методы управления беспилотными летательными аппаратами.
Conference is devoted to intelligent systems and technologies.
Papers prepared for the international conference on computational linguistics and intellectual technologies "Dialogue 2018", published on the conference's website.
The centuries-old development of logical machines is very interesting page of both computer technology and logic history. In fact, logical machines cannot be called the ancestors of modern computers but our analysis allows us to state for surely that these devices were the very first predecessors of contemporary intellectual informational technologies. In this article we give the review of logical machines built before the beginning of computer era. In contrast to the classic book of Martin Gardner «Logic machines and diagrams» (1958) our paper includes descriptions of all known logical machines. Some of them (e.g. devices of Alfred Smee) Gardner described only briefly and some («virtual» logical machine of Jonathan Swift, Round Demonstrator of Earl Stanhope, machines intellectueles of Semion Korsakov, logical machines of Pavel Khruschev and Aleksandr Schukarev) did not mention at all.
The paper presents the method for creation of knowledge extraction systems based on the approach employing the software tool system PullEnti comprising the algorithms for morphological and semantic-syntactical analysis which makes it possible to extract entities of certain types from natural language texts (persons, organizations, locations, and other target semantic objects). The PullEnti system uses dynamically connected components (plugins) which makes it possible to activate various functions without recompiling. This is how the semantic analysis unit is incorporated. During the analysis, the semantic units (tokens) are established, which are typed phrases: text, numerical data, etc. Examples of implemented projects for different subject areas are given.