Метод многоуровневой токовой нагрузки для исследования процессов радиационной деградации и модификации МДП-структур
This article explores a performative understanding of social science method. First, it draws on STS to consider the plausibility of the claim that research methods generate not only representations of reality, but also the realities those representations depict. Second, it undertakes an archaeology of a major survey — a Eurobarometer investigation of European citizens’ attitudes to farm animal welfare — in order to explore the character of its performativity. Finally, it considers some of the implications of the performativity of research tools for the future of methods in social science.
Imagine There Were No Humanities
The modern state as an object of research creates the necessity for improvement of methods of political researches. The author proposes the method of political-law analysis. The law component of the method represents analysis of correspondence of actions of the research object to the norms of the Constitution, international human rights and freedoms acts and current legislation. The political component is based on exposure of political aims and the results of such activities. The method of comparative-institutional analysis is proposed in the article. Its essence is in comparison of different characteristics of the state to expose existing correlations and trends of influence. Initial data is the results of government researches by international and non-governmental organizations.
Cet ouvrage vise à déterminer la manière de travailler qui est propre à la philosophie phénoménologique et à la montrer à l’œuvre. Il s’agit pour cela de définir le changement phénoménologique d’attitude comme « dé-limitation » de la vie de la conscience et la méthode phénoménologique comme « enrichissement mobile de sens », pour apercevoir que la dé-limitation, à travers l’enrichissement de sens, conduit à l’institution d’un nouveau mode de recherche. Mais de quelles limitations le changement d’attitude libère-t-il ? Qu’apporte l’enrichissement de sens qui soit proprement nouveau ? Dans quelle mesure cette « nouveauté » serait-elle instituée dans le cadre de la phénoménologie ?
This book examines phenomenology as working philosophy (Arbeitsphilosophie), that is, as an open research project. The main aim of the study consists in determining the mode of performance (Vollzugsweise) of the phenomenological work in progress. To achieve this goal we provide an analysis of the doctrine of attitude (Part I.), the doctrine of method (Part II.), and then the “flexible” architectonics (Part III.) of phenomenology. These elaborations enable us to thematize the de-limitation of consciousness (Entschränkung), the enrichment of sense (Sinnbereicherung) and the institution of the new as the characteristic features of the phenomenological method of operating. This research project requires a constant oscillation between an open systematization of Edmund Husserl’s philosophy and particular phenomenological analyses.
In this study, a new technique of multilevel current stress for investigation thin oxide layers of MOS structures is proposed. This technique allows to investigate the generation and relaxation of positive and negative charges, accumulating in, nano-thickness gate dielectric of MOS structures under many stressing situations. The parameters characterizing the change of charge state in the thin oxide layers of MOS structures during the stress have been monitored by means of time dependence of voltage shift applied to a sample during the injection. In comparison with the conventional techniques our method is nondestructive. We consider this method to provide higher accuracy and to decrease the probability of dielectric breakdown. The application of present technique was carried out during the investigation of charge generation and relaxation, during and after high-field tunnel injection of electrons in thin film of SiO2. The thin oxide layers of MOS structures after plasma and irradiation treatments also are investigated.
The article shows that innovation as a new, emerging area of knowledge it has its own object (changes leading to the emergence of innovations of various kinds), the subject (innovation processes, clearly defined sphere of innovative consciousness and behavior), method, subjects, social mechanisms that allow to reveal and actualize the reserve capabilities of a person, group, organization, society as a whole, which are truly boundless.
A special RAD-THERM version of TCAD subsystem based on Sentaurus Synopsys platform taking into account different types of irradiation (gamma-rays, neutrons, electrons, protons, single events) and external/internal heating effects was developed and validated to forecast the results of natural experiments, and help the designer on with reliability guarantee. The radiation- and temperature-induced faults were modeled and simulated for Si/SiGe BJTs/HBTs and bulk/SOI MOSFETs as BiCMOS LSI’s components. The causes of device parameter degradation were discussed.