A Scandinavian trace in the history of Novgorodian boyardom
The article is a preliminary publication of the birchbark documents found in Novgorod during the archeological season of 2014.
The issue is a study of history and methods of governing Russian-Swedish Borderland in Late 17th century. I show how the Muscovite state stregthed the defence of the frontier with settling the refugees on the brder
The article deal with the volume of Novgorod record books of early 17th century hold in Riksarkivet, Stockholm. Two types of record books are revealed. Also the appearance of so called “alive quarter” in early 17th century Novgorod is fixed
In the present article two eleventh-century phrases inscribed many times on the walls of the St Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod (коуни рони and парехъ мари) are shown to be of Semitic provenance. The authors provide the linguistic arguments which support the claim of a Hebrew source for коуни рони and a Syriac one for парехъ мари. In addition, we offer a reconstruction of the historical pragmatic context in which the phrases can be situated. It is proposed that the коуни рони inscriptions can be connected with the seizure of Novgorod and the plundering of St Sophia by Vseslav of Polotsk in the year 1066. They should be regarded as the oldest tangible proof of contacts with Jews and Hebrew in Rus’. In the case of the парехъ мари inscriptions, the hypothesis is put forward that the author was a certain Efrem, a local citizen, possibly a clergyman, who was a Syrian by descent.
The article is a preliminary publication of the birchbark letters found in Novgorod and Staraya Russa during the archeological season of 2016.
The article concerns the problematic of making prosopographical research on the basis of the data from so called “Novgorod Occupation Archives” – the archives of early 17th century Novgorod Official Court.