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Book chapter

Transformation of Social Values and Solidarity Attitudes of Russian citizens in Nizhniy Novgorod region in 2002-2014

The paper presents the results of the research Regional identity in the conditions of socio-economic changes (Nizhniy Novgorod region 2002-2014). The directive interviews with more than 500 people conducted in 2002 and more than 300 in 2014 in the capital of Volga Federal District (Nizhniy Novgorod) and neighboring towns will be described and discussed.   During the interviews the respondents specified a) the areas of regional policy, which are significant for all the residents in the region, b) the areas of regional policy, which are meaningful for them personally, and c) the areas of social activity in which they would like to participate themselves. Through the use of mathematical statistics methods we identified the most important areas of regional policy for the residents of the region and as well calculated the following indexes for different social groups (female and male respondents, respondents of different age groups, respondents with different levels of education, respondents with various professional and work experience, respondents from more or less urbanized territories):  " Solidarity (congruence of the indicators "important for everybody" and important for me"); " Positive selfishness - activity "for oneself" (congruence of the indicators "important for me" and "ready to participate "); " Altruism - activity for others(congruence of the indicators "important for everybody" and "ready to participate ")  In the paper we will present and analyze the dynamics of changes which occurred during 12 years of socio-economic development of the region.  Research results will be discussed in the contexts of sociological traditions from E.Durkheim and K.Marx to J. Alexander with the dominance of the interactionist approach and N.Luhmanns communication theory (as we assume, that this theory allows us to interpret social solidarity not in the context of revolutionary overturns but in the context of identification of the possible population protest activity).