Типологическая база данных глаголов, обозначающих звуки животных
The sui generis database right was added to copyright protection of databases in the Russian legislation only in 2008. In December 2010, new draft amendments to the RF Civil Code were published, substantially developing this regulation. This article examines the position of the Russian Federation regarding regulation of databases in its historical development and compares it with the relevant regulation in the European Union. While the Russian Federation generally follows the European model, there are some important specific provisions in the Russian Federation that should be taken into account by database producers and database users.
The article deals, in a typological perspective, with verbs describing sounds of inanimate objects (cf. the noise of a door being opened, of coins in somebody’s pocket, of a river, etc.). The analysis is based on the data from four languages (Russian, German, Komi-Zyrjan, Khanty), which were obtained from dictionaries, corpora and field investigation. We discuss, first, the primary meanings of these verbs and identify the parameters that underlie semantic distinctions between them (type of sound source and its features, type of situation causing the emission of a sound, acoustic properties of sounds). Then we consider the derived meanings of sound verbs, which are developed through metonymic and metaphoric shifts and analyze the mechanisms behind each of these shifts. Finally, we examine a type of semantic change in our data which cannot be explained in terms of either of those mechanisms and hence represents a separate kind of meaning shift.
At the moment, there are many tools that provide object approach to application development. This is the fact that the object-oriented paradigm is dominant in the development of new applications for any subject domains. Object-oriented approach is increasingly used in the implementation of database applications. The existence of their own strengths and weaknesses of each instrument, their main goal-to provide developers all the benefits of object-oriented paradigm for implementation of database applications. This paper provides a detailed overview of existing works and presents the unified testing model which is used to demonstrate different methods of presenting structural models in database applications. In last section the conclusions of the work and made suggestions for further development is given. This paper is the result of years of research and is based on numerous articles published in the Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference "Object Systems" (objectsystems.ru).