Сообщения европейских путешественников о Египте (вторая половина XV – начало XVI в.)
The development of mutually advantageous commercial relations between Mamluk Sultanate and european countries promoted establishment of stable and regular transport connection between seaports of the Western and East Mediterranean. In 15ct the pilgrimage of Europeans to the Holy Land began to gain the organized character. Notes of travelers, whose way to Palestine passed through Alexandria and Cairo, represent important group of sources on history of Mamluk Egypt.
In the article author considers the role of Egypt in establishing the League of Arab States. Analyzed the most probable realization of projects of Arab unity of the first half of XX century. Particular attention is paid to the figure of the Egyptian Prime Minister Nahhas Pasha. His role and contribution in carrying out bilateral talks with representatives of the six Arab states, as well as his presidency at the Preparatory Committee took place in Cairo in the summer of 1944.
In this Article we tried to research to the best of current knowledge the situation in the Middle East, the history that lead to the conflict we are witnessing and ramifications of the so-called “Arab Spring” for the world as we know it to be. We think that “street revolutions” in Tunisia, Egypt and the civil war in Syria were and are not as “street” as they look to be and carry with them grave changes not only in social and economic life of the region, but cultural, religious and psychological shifts that will affect the world in the nearest future. We are elaborating on the assumption that the Western “interference” in the things Arab in the region carries a definite danger to the peaceful resolution of the ongoing crisis and bears grave danger to the world as a whole.
An article devoted to political development in Egypt after the Revolution 25 January 2011. Authors concludes that country take a course on Islamisation of political system.
The Society of Muslim Brotherhood (MB) is one of key actors in the political process in Egypt, however, its ideological agenda is still a subject of controversy. Some experts regard it as deriving from radical thoughts of Sayyid Qutb, who was a main ideologist of the Society in 1950s and 1960s, while the recent MB leaders claim to refuse it. This paper discusses the fundamental political concepts established by the most significant ideologists of the MB. A number of their basic works reflecting political, legal and social theories were collected and investigated. By analyzing and comparing the basic political ideas reflected in these sources, we were able to discover common roots in the theories of earlier and later generations and to trace differences between their views. It was concluded, that the contemporary MB thinkers generally adhere to modern and even reformist interpretations. This conclusion provides a quite different understanding of the Muslim Brotherhood ideology, which has been primarily perceived as a radical and ultra-conservative since the 1950s.
Thematic volume of the Gosudarstvo, religija, cerkov' v Rossii i za rubezhom (2/33, 2015) entitled “Hristianskij Vostok: gosudarstva i mezhkonfessional'nye svjazi” [Christian Orient: The States and Interconfessional Relations]; edited by Dr. N. Seleznyov.