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Regular version of the site

Book chapter

Negation and Valencies of Russian Predicates

Iomdin B., Iomdin L.

The paper discusses the semantic interaction of the negation with certain types of verbal predicates in Russian, which involves, depending on the predicate type and its main valency structure, the emergence of new semantic valencies: the valency of the missing distance, the valency of the missing time span, and the valency of the missing quantity. The first type of valency was discovered by Juri Apresjan for accomplishment verbs like dobežat’ run up toas in On dvadcat’ šagov ne dobežal do ukrytija he did not run the last twenty steps to the shelter. We report that the phenomenon is of a much broader nature and range: other types of predicates may develop the valency of the missing time span, as in Ona ne doučilas’ v universitete dva goda she did not complete her education at the university, dropping out two years earlier, the valency of missing quantity, as in Emu nedoplatili tysjaču rublej they underpaid him a thousand roubles, or, in sophisticated cases, more than one such valency. 

 

In book

Edited by: V. Apresyan, B. Iomdin. Vol. . Iss. 85. Muenchen: Wiener Slawistischer Almanach, 2013.