История Южной Африки глазами африканских интеллигентов и просветителей конца XIX – первой трети XX века: особенности формирования исторических представлений
Historical views are the most important factor in the development of the ethnic self-consciousness. They have an impact not only on the methods of representation of the past, but also on the perception of the modern world. African intellectuals played an important role in the formation of the collective historical memory of Africans and in the understanding of their own past. Literature (historical prose) had a big influence on this process. Their main mission African intellectuals saw in the restoring the historical justice and showing that African people of Southern Africa have not been deprived of greatness, that they were the creators of their history. However, their writings were full of fiction and biased assessments in the interpretation of historical events. The first African historians have been the authors of new historical myths, many of which are alive to the present time.