The article develops the general outline of the ethical theory entitled "the ethics of exceptions". Thiis is the ethics, which presupposes the possibility of the ethical judgements and actions in the exceptional situations taking place at war or highly competitive business. Both often demand actions rather doubtful from the moral point of view. This approach has a number of advantages. One of them is the possibility of the broader moral concensus, which remains operative even under the strains of moral conflict. The other advantage is related to teaching ethics especially to political scientists and economists.