О социализирующей функции персонажей в романе Н. Мейлера "Крутые парни не танцуют"
Author discusses the most important and controversial issues associated with the project of educational standards for high school: a paradigm shift from "vseobuch" to "actionism", the need for teacher retraining, the changing nature of public control over the school and also the question of when new standards should be the implemented. Special attention is paid to the basic curriculum: subjects studied at a basic or advanced level; the need to reduce the number of existing subjects; rationality of the choice of subjects, which are assumed to be compulsory by the standards. Author also notices that one of the strengths of the new standards is moral and personal development of students.
The book is devoted to one of the most prominent American writers, Norman Mailer who had a vivid imagination. He was one of those authors who visualized themselves as well as their works, and on the contrary novelized their country and reality. N. Mailer was a very public person. He revealed his publicity being a novelist, essayist, journalist, playwright, screenwriter, actor and even a film director. Besides one may find lots of his radio and TV interviews. This is one more aspect of his literary work, because his unique feature is a correlation between the art of writing and the media. America is Mailer’s beloved subject. More over his America is an Individual. It is a lifelike image created with all its complexities by means of speculating on real facts and people. In this sense there is another interesting trait of Mailer’s work: through the period analyzed in the book he coped with both fiction and non-fiction. In doing so the writer dramatized the best and the worst of American life by connecting the life of his characters to the life of the nation. And his characters are preeminently illustrious Americans, the symbols of this country. Chronological order of publications is replaced by aspects: history, mythology, imagination. This is the study of Mailer’s combination of fiction and non-fiction, fact and document, history and reality, visualization and novelization by studying his books: Harlot’s Ghost, Oswald’s Tale. An American Mystery, The Ancient Evenings, The Gospel According to the Son, Tough Guys Don’t Dance, The Castle in the Forest
In Norman Mailer non-fiction novel “The Executioner’s Song” representation of characters’ finding of identity is connected with various questions that the writer is interested in. There is also a question of does the main character find it possible to acquire his identity? Thus the author himself is trying to find his character’s identity. Moreover in this context the question of a narrator’s identity arises. Thereby it is also necessary to raise a question about a problem of identity crisis in the novel.
The article is concerned with results of content analysis of textbooks for high school in the area of social and human sciences. The author uses the typology of values introduced by S. Schwartz which consists of two value axes — “conservation — openness to change” and “selfassertion — caring about people and nature” — and describes values that underlie each subject area and then compares these values with results of mass surveys of the values of Russians.