Обучение коммуникативной стратегии смягчения позиции автора в научной статье (на материале научных статей по теории менеджмента)
The article addresses the problem of forming communicative strategies and tactics of English-language written academic discourse as a means of reaching professional foreign language communicative competence by a university graduate in Russia. The article investigates the importance of forming the communicative strategy of mitigating self-presentation in written academic communication. The author attempts to determine the set of communicative tactics making up the mentioned strategy. Emphasis is placed on specifying the techniques composing these tactics and their language patterns. The article can be interesting for all those who are engaged in teaching foreign language written academic communication at universities.
Nowadays great attention is paid both to knowledge reproduction-reception mechanisms, and technologies of relevant knowledge transferring. Relating to this, academic discourse research and discourse strategies of scientific knowledge transferring are in the focus of special attention. As far as English written academic discourse in Economics is underestimated in the process of studying, this research is of great timeliness. Discourse markers (DMs) play an important role in the process of text generation, in providing discourse grammar and sense integrity and optimization in transferring information from addresser to addressee. But beyond modern research are the aspects of DMs functioning depending on the level of students' professional and communicative competencies. The article focuses on special features of discourse markers in academic discourse in Economics. It is based on English written texts produced by Russian students majoring in Economics with different competence. The main objective is to reveal the difference of discourse markers functioning in terms of the level of students' foreign language professional competence. The authors succeeded in extending the DMs classification. Qualitative and quantitative analysis revealed the peculiarities in DMs functioning in academic discourse in Economics. The prevailing DMs are those which introduce new or additional information, taking the leading position in professional discourse in comparison with nonprofessional one. The second and the third positions in both discourses belong to the contrastive DMs and MDs of author's assessment. However, the qualitative analysis revealed that written texts of professional discourse highlighted the tendency of using DMs of different groups. It can be explained by students' high level of professional skills and, thus, by their ability to transfer scientific knowledge (by their high communicative competence). The peculiarity of DMs functioning in nonprofessional discourse is the occurrence of the same marker or monotony in using markers in one written text. It can be explained by the lack of the ability to use the cognitive-communicative strategy in transferring economic knowledge effectively. The research allows to substantially specify the understanding of creating and transferring the special knowledge process in English by non-natives. Moreover, it enables us to expand the understanding of academic discourse in a special sphere. The developed data can be the basis for differentiating of academic discourse, heterogeneous in its learning. DMs functioning regularities in terms of the level of foreign language professional competence are identified. Also, the prospects for further research in the sphere of DMs in academic discourse functioning are determined.
The given study is devoted to the issues of searching the ways for adaptation to climate change, mitigation of its impact on the economy and population, as well as to the role of increasing energy efficiency in the economies of some countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA). It also relates to the issues of responding to negative trends and emerging challenges caused by climate change. The Report represents several case studies on the above topics implemented in Moldova, Tadjikistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and the Russian Federation by the network of regional enviuronmental centres. It also contains consideration of possible methodological approaches and recommendations on addressing the above issues in the EECCA region.
This paper deals with professional / non-professional degree of academic discourse by analyzing cognitive metaphor models in the English written texts produced by students with different competence in economics. It distinguishes a set of features that characterize academic and professional discourse. It also focuses on the problem of developing professional competence in economics.
With about two thirds of the UNECE population living in urban areas, this is where the region's social, intellectual and economic life is concentrated. This study provides an overview of the importance of cities for energy reduction, climate protection and climate adaptation. It discusses the actions that cities in the UNECE region need to undertake in order to mitigate their energy intensity and carbon footprint, and to reduce their vulnerability to climate change and post-carbon energy transitions. Climate Neutral Cities presents targeted considerations for relevant urban sectors, such as energy, mobility, buildings, green space, waste and water, with the overall aim of advancing sustainable development and ensuring green growth. This report concludes with introducing a City Roadmap for Climate Neutrality, including milestones for actions in priority sectors and for the set-up of an organizational framework.
This research studies professional and non-professional levels of academic discourse by analyzing cognitive metaphor models in the English written texts produced by Russian students with different competence in economics. The results of comparative analysis of specific features in metaphor models in two types of academic discourses – professional and non-professional – reveal the difference how students at different levels of study develop their professional competence in their core curriculum disciplines. At an early stage students predominantly use external associations in metaphors, and at a later stage – internal/personal verbal associations. The research results might be significant for more targeted identification of ESAP content.
The report presents the results of research into the speech act of invitation performed in English discourse. The analysis focuses on the language means of expressing an invitation in different communicative situations, special emphasis being placed on the communicative strategy of distancing which is used with the aim of softening unambiguous invitations. The empiric material for our investigation was selected from authentic works of English-speaking writers of the 21-st century, to be more precise, from the novels by Joan Rowling and Richelle Mead. The research is conducted within the framework of communicative linguistics, the theory of speech acts and pragmalinguistics.
The book is a study of the academic public presentation and its prosodic aspect.
This article is devoted to the analysis of verbal peculiarities of communicative strategy Directive in English discourse. The historically formed peculiarities of English-speaking communicants’ attitude toward the ways of expressing directive are also distinguished in order to highlight their culturological originality. The main focus is directed towards the lingual expressions of directive in different communicative situations. Considerable emphasis is given to the means of softening and avoiding of direct imperative constructions as part of the strategy of distancing. The empiric material for our research is represented by authentic literature of English-speaking countries of the 21-st century.