Интерсубъективность с позиции энактивизма
Many people associate transactional analysis with the book E. Berne's (1910-1970) book "Games People Play". Over the past fifty years his followers have significantly developed and expanded both the theory and practice of transactional analysis. Currently, transactional analysis is successfully used in psychotherapy, psychological counseling, education, organizational and corporate development. This book by Elena Stankovskaya introduces key ideas and tools of modern transactional analysis, and allows readers to look deeper on their communication, to realize how they can step out of their life scripts and strengthen their autonomy.
The article is focused on the subjec-matter of activity mediation of interpersonal relationships. In contrast with functional-role and personal-emotional ones it is determined by orientation of people's activity towards "universal "I" and by logic of the "object". Levels-layers of intragroup relationships determined by the goal of collaborative activity, personal-business relationships, private emotional-personal relationships are described. The reasons for qualitative difference between activity-mediated relationships in a collectivity and activity-mediated relationships in a corporation as well as the potential of activity-mediated relationships to "warm up" private emotional relationships in a group are analyzed. Phenomena and peculiarities in life of a group revealed by the author of activity mediation theory are related to categories of transactional analysis and the other systems of counseling psychology. That gives the way to the special - personological - approach to the further research.
The subject matter of the article lies between public law and economics. The article contains sources of legal regulation in state corporations, ways of their forming, jurisdiction, priorities and results of its activities achieved in western democracies. The author stresses the dependence of effectiveness of this public law institute on checks and balances as well as individual responsibility, responsibility for doings and refraining from doing by authorities, reputation of officials.
Enactivism as a radical conceptual shift in non-classical epistemology and in cognitive science is under consideration in the monograph. Consciousness is viewed as active and interactive, embodied and situated, its cognitive activity is carried out by in-building into a cognizing environment, i.e. by enacting a surrounding medium. Some prerequisites of emergence and development these notions are traced in studies of G. Berkeley, D. Hume, H. Bergson. The recent contributions of Francisco Varela, Evan Thompson, Alva Noë in the development of enactivism are considered as well. Enactivism is treated as a new form of constructivism in epistemology. In its conceptual frames, the mind-body problem, the problem of subject and object of cognition, the problem of connection of cognition with action can be solved in a non-traditional way. The book is addressed to specialists in epistemology and in philosophy of science as well as to all who is interested in the modern trends of development of philosophy.
This article describes the results of sociological research on estimation of condition and development prospects of federalism in Russia, which was conducted by ZIRCON Research Group in January - May 2011. The opinion of population and elite groups of four regions about the foundations of Russian federalism development, administrative-territorial system of the Russian Federation and its principles, relations between subjects-regions and federative centre is presented. The results of the research indicate that at the moment a request for political and administrative autonomy of the subjects of the Federation is not obviously formulated by either citizens or regional elite groups. Regional identity is not a common phenomenon. The authors mark out necessary factors of federalism development: expansion of economic self-dependence of regions, existence of ethno-national or regional identity of citizens, democratization and decentralization.
The article examines the reasons for low motivation for autonomous learning and focuses on the review of the research carried out to identify students’ interpretation of the following key notions: “motivation strategies” and “autonomous learning” in relation to learning foreign languages. The article considers the interrelation between motivation and autonomous learning, presents key motivation strategies and teaching techniques that students see as the best for their academic achievement.
During the implementation of the higher education reform, aimed at applying the competence-based approach to teaching, the content and form of teaching is changing. University graduates should possess a number of skills including a good command of a foreign language. When teaching a foreign language, an important role is given to spoken and professional discourse. The task of the teacher is to select effective educational practices aimed at increasing students’ motivation to cognitive process, acquiring new knowledge, developing new skills, as well as to choose methods, activities and