This article discusses the concept of medical activity for the purposes of criminal law enforcement. The article is intended to clarify terms such as conventional medicine, traditional medicine, alternative medicine. We investigate the legal nature and the possibility of criminal law protection of various types of medical activity, points to the shortcomings of the existing regulation. The author offers his own approach to the problem of criminal-legal protection of medical practice. After a theoretical analysis, the article examines the court sentences under Art. 235 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation ("Illegal occupation of private medical practice or private pharmaceutical activity").
L'objet de cet article est l`analyse comparative des problèmes de la réglementation juridique de l`activité médicale (incluant la médecine traditionnelle) et la responsabilité pénale pour l'exercice illégal de la médecine et pour les autres infractions en France et en Russie.
The main focus of this paper is the analysis of problems in the field of legislative regulation of the international abduction of children in Russia as well as of the perspectives and obstacles of the implementation of the Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction. Russia acceded to the Convention one year ago. Author aims to study the progress achieved during this period in the field of setting the mechanisms prescribed by the Convention and in bringing Russian legislation in the conformity with standards stipulated in the Convention.