Ирония как эпистемологический феномен
This work is dedicated to an attempt to answer the question, what for irony is needed. Usually it is considered to be just a literary device or a special way of conversation. However as any other source of language it has its grounds in the intention of the author and compared to this intention form, with the help of which irony effects its object. Is this way of effect interesting to philosophy – this is the question to answer. For this aim it will be useful to define the concept of irony. At first I will propone the two opposite point of view on irony, which were offered by Friedrich Schlegel and Hegel. Both these thinkers discern in irony a philosophical concept, although each in his way. Schlegel considered the nature of irony in its ability to show imperfection of all possible ways of expression infinite content. For Schlegel such vision meant a possibility to approach closer to this content. On the contrary Hegel saw in this effect of irony an origin of lightweight attitude to this content. What is the reason of such opposite interpretations of irony? Is this not irony itself? This is to be found out. In the end I will try to propose a new concept of irony and make some conclusions about it.