Юродство и старообрядчество: к постановке проблемы
The author presents a review of the book «The Economic Institutions of the Old Believers». The study is at the crossroads of economic history, economic sociology, economic theory (in the first place, the new institutionalism) and maybe even religious studies. The author tries to understand the mysterious phenomenon of Old Believe entrepreneurship, played a very important role in the economic development of Russia in the late XVIII-early XX centuries.
In 1722 Peter I issued an imperial decree (imennoy ukaz) requiring Old Believers’ representatives to keep taxation accounts for the central tax authorities. This paper explores the legislation and documents of several governmental bodies (the Senate, Office of Religious Dissent, College of Revenue, Treasury Office, and Chief Magistracy) to ascertain the reasons behind the imposition of the decree and the methods of its implementation. Ultimately, the study modifi es previously held views about governmental policies regarding Old Believers as well as the Old Believers’ legal and de facto positions.
Elena Smilyanskaya. Women’s spiritual leadership in an Old Believer Community at the end of the twentieth century—notes from field observations
Based on extensive field work, this article explores the profound changes wrought by the feminization of priestless Old Believer communities. While literate men were traditionally in charge of religious education, their growing absence in Old Believer communities gave rise to “spiritual mothers” who embraced new interpretations of texts and theological values including the justification of the faith, intercession of saints, and the symbolism of sacred spaces. Spiritual mothers’ interpretation of biblical and hagiographical texts grew increasingly divorced from written texts and Old Believer tradition, offering new interpretations of long-held liturgical and doctrinal norms. This decline of book-centered religiosity among some priestless Old Believers thus resulted in a fusing of ancient and novel interpretations that spiritual mothers used to guide their communities.
This paper is timed to the 150th anniversary of the abolition of serfdom in Russia and dedicated to the heritage of A.P. Shchapov (1831-1876) - one of the distinguished historians and public figures of the epoch of «great reforms» of 1860s, a creator of zemstvo-regional conception of Russian history, who contributed significantly to federalistic and local history thought.
This documentary edited collection is based upon the field research of the Moscow University scholars in the villages of Viatka where the Old Believers allowed to copy their manuscript heritage. It is devoted to Southern Viatka, a region populated by different denominations of the Orthodox Old Belief. It includes the historical and polemical writings, community correspondence, and the folk hermeneutics. Published together, they reconstruct the local history of the Old Believers and also add to our knowledge of the Old Believers of the Volga area, Udmurtia, and other Russian regions.
The article considers the legal norms of the Russian legislation which expanded freedom of religion after the enactment of the chapter on religious crimes of the 1903 Criminal Code of the Russian Empire.