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Book chapter

Критика представлений о посмертном небытии у Цицерона (Первая книга «Тускуланских бесед»)

Егоров А. С.

In the first book of Tusculanae Disputationes Cicero examines in a form of a dialogue between two unknown persons different attitudes towards the death. A considerable part of the dialogue is devoted to the study and the refutation of the belief that human souls after death do not have any form of existence. Cicero suggests his own interpretation of the Platonic theory of a soul. He proves that the death could be a blessing for a human being and that the soul is immortal. He also speaks about the celestial ascent of the soul. Apparently, these beliefs were based on the Platonic version of Stoicism provided by Posidonius. Cicero tries to produce a convincing evidence of the immortality of the soul, basing on the philosophical positions, but not religious. The authority of philosophy remains one of the main arguments for him.