Формирование инновационной инфраструктуры для обеспечения технологического трансфера в России
This article deals with the basic issues which are related to technology transfer. It is proposed basic characteristics of the innovation infrastructure and the possible measures to modernize the process of the technology transfer in Russia.
The article discusses questions related to technology transfer. For ensuring of the Russian economy’s sustainable development is necessary to organize the technology transfer’s process between the subjects of innovation. The objects of analysis selected the most well-known models of technology transfer. On the basis of the comparative analysis there were identified advantages and disadvantages of existing models, and chosen the most suitable for the Russian economy.
The paper examines key channels of technology transfer for modern Russian industrial enterprises. The concept of technology transfer is analyzed and its key peculiarities are revealed, that may influence if modernization and innovation-based development are the focus of investigation. The focus of attention is at mergers and acquisitions as one of the most appropriate channels from the complexity of processes vision. The possible range of strategies for technology-motivated mergers and acquisitions are identified and four main smodels of technology-based mergers and acquisitions are defined. On the base of the industrial enterprises' managers survey appriaches to valuation of technology-related component in mergers and acquisitions are developed
The authors of this paper present the results of their studies of genesis of the notion «innovation» and adjacent terms in regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, since 1998.
The article presents a comparative analysis of the development level and the quality of activity of national and regional innovation systems in Russia and abroad. It includes the classification of infrastructure companies shaping innovation systems. Authors identified 5 main blocks of companies in innovation infrastructure: production, technology, expert and consulting, human resources, information, investment, financial and characterized the specificity of companies in each of the blocks. Authors outlined the key tasks and responsibilities of the innovation system. They found out the basic problems of collecting data on the status and development of innovative systems: (1) lack of common approaches to the organization of statistics functioning infrastructure companies at national and international levels; (2) unevenness of development of regional innovation systems within national virtually all countries, resulting in different levels of innovative activity of regions. Also it is set limits on the holding of direct comparative analysis of quantitative data on the operation of infrastructure companies forming innovation systems. The article includes data on the quantitative development of national and regional innovation systems. In the article there is a conclusion about the importance of shifting focus from the national to the regional innovation system. As a main statement authors insist on key role of self-organization of regional innovation systems to ensure their effective functioning.
The paper examines the key channels of technology transfer for modern Russian industrial enterprises. The possible results of Russia’s joining to WTO are taken into consideration. The focus of attention is at mergers and acquisitions as one of the most appropriate channels from the complexity of processes vision. The possible strategies of technology-motivated mergers and acquisitions are identified and approaches to valuation of technology-related component in mergers and acquisitions are developed.