Экономика и управление: Сборник научных трудов
The article describes the definition of innovation. Its role in modern economy is considered. It is given the consideration of human resources of science in Russia. Factors of the scientific staff reduction are considered. The analysis of the structure of the personnel involved in scientific activities is carried out. The calculation of the personnel structure indexes is made. The dynamics of the researchers with academic degrees is analyzed.
The article describes the definition of innovation. Its role in modern economy is considered. It describes sources and forms of financing innovation, indexes of R&D funding. The analysis of the dynamics of federal budget expenditures on science during 2000-2011 was carried out. Based on the following analysis the prediction of federal budget expenditures on science for 2012, 2013 and 2014 was made.
This article analyzes the current level of innovative development of Russia by key indicators; describes the forms of territorial organization according to the type of innovation. Identifies the main problems that prevent effective use of innovative potential.
This article deals with the basic issues which are related to technology transfer. It is proposed basic characteristics of the innovation infrastructure and the possible measures to modernize the process of the technology transfer in Russia.
The article describes the methods of economic evaluation of innovative projects. The special attention is given to the positive and negative sides of the static evaluation methods and techniques with the flexibility that is built into the project. Keywords: discounted cash flow, real options and innovations.
The article describes the methods of evaluation of intellectual capital, which include Tobin’s coefficient and Sveiby’s Methods for Measuring Intangible Assets. The model Skandia Navigator is considered in the Sveiby’s Methods for Measuring Intangible Assets. Also the disadvantages of each method are identified. In addition, the definition of intellectual capital and its structure are considered deeper.
In this article the Tobin’s coefficient is evaluated in 35 Russian companies in 12 industries in the 3 periods. According the data the basic trends are identified. The index is analyzed by year. The possible reasons for the lag of the intellectual capital of Russian companies are compared with companies in Europe and the U.S.