The Happiness Compass: Theories, Actions and Perspectives for Well-Being
This book provides a reference tool to understand current developments in happiness studies. It provides an overview of the evolving body of happiness research and draws some of its future trajectories. This book collects the contributions of scientists from psychology, sociology, economics, political science and other scientific domains sharing the quest for improving people's quality of life. Building on this expertise, the book provides a compass to orient the reader in a burgeoning literature to document, inform and suggest ideas for future research.
In this chapter we review and analyze the existing concepts of political manipulation of the emotional atmosphere of the society, concentrating our attention on the mechanisms used to transfer personal emotions into political actions. In particular, we are interested in emotions that can be the source of forming a so-called ‘politicized identity’ and explain the differences and the similarities of political manipulations in totalitarian regimes and democracy.
This chapter aims at a multidisciplinary evaluation of clinical and psychological determinants of the well-being of patients suffering from chronic diseases, a study of the mechanisms of interactions of these determinants, and ultimately – at the elaboration of patient-specific strategies best suited to cope with the disease. As a specific sample, we use patients of Multiple Sclerosis (MS), commonly acknowledged as one of the most severe chronic diseases. Using the sample of patients of the Institute for Neurology of the RAMS, we undertake a longitudinal study consisting of survey questionnaire, clinical and psychological investigations and record of daily experiences via Day Reconstruction Method (DRM) in order to evaluate the factual well-being (experienced utility) of the patients, its interaction with judgment about own health state and well-being (evaluated utility), and the mechanism of interaction between them leading to the patient's coping strategy. On the ground of this analysis, we also aim to reveal the channels through which the doctors can affect patient's choice of her coping strategy in a way that is most favourable for the treatment of the disease and patient's well-being in the medium and long run.