Поколения ВШЭ. Ученики об учителях
Modern graduates need to work with electronic devices. On laboratory work, students conduct experiments to solve practical problems of researching real problems that arise in the design and operation of electronic devices. However, the shortage of laboratory equipment, its high cost and the shortage of laboratory assistants for maintenance and assistance in work reduces the quality of laboratory work. On the other hand, modern education is increasingly using a network resource. Virtual laboratories have their advantages, but even when carrying out a physical experiment in them, the sense of the reality of what is happening disappears. Effective solutions to the effectiveness and quality of conducting laboratory exercises can be found using a system of virtual instruments that can be accessed via the Internet or directly at the university.
The aim of the research is to show, by the example of one experimental device made on the National Instruments ELVIS platform, the advantages of a combined approach to learning - a successful combination of a virtual resource and a real physical experiment. The laboratory model described in the article is very practical for studying radio engineering devices, and it can ideologically serve as a basis for other similar developments.
The research was based on the prototype board for studying the basics of analog electronics for the NI ELVIS workstation, the cycle of laboratory work on the general technical discipline "Electronics", the results of their protection, and the results of intermediate student controls. In work methods: laboratory experiment, modeling, pedagogical testing were used.
The results of the research show that students feel the need for more knowledge about real processes and systems. This need is most evident in the direction of the preparation of bachelors of engineering and technology. They expect from a laboratory work a real physical experiment, but with the convenience of computer-processing results. A new paradigm for studying radio electronic devices based on physical experiments in a virtual instrument system gives an improvement in the quality of instruction and allows students to effectively study the circuitry of analog devices. The ideology of virtual instruments leads to more motivation for students, they get skills in working with modern measuring equipment and at the same time communication skills in a group, since the computer resource is used as a research tool, not the purpose of learning.
A physical experiment using virtual measuring instruments, accessibility and mobility of laboratory facilities, additional motivation of students are the main advantages of using the NI ELVIS hardware and software platform with a specialized breadboard model in the educational process.
The material published here is a report on the Thirty-Second Gubernatorial Readings held in Tyumen, April 25th, 2018, under the framework of the joint project conducted by the journal Politeia and the administration of the Tyumen region. The topic of the Readings is the transformations of Russia’s human capital. V.E.Gimpelson, Director of the Center for Labor Market Studies at the National Research University Higher School of Economics, in his speech provided a definition of human capital and discussed in details a number of questions related to its current state and future development in Russia (supply and demand of human capital in the Russian Federation, the quality of Russia’s human capital and prospects for its growth, resources for investment in human capital etc.). M.A.Giltman, Professor of the Tyumen State University, in his presentation analyzed formation of the human capital in the Tyumen region, primarily in the sphere of education. A.M.Gretsova, HR Director of the West-Siberian Bank of PJSC Sberbank of Russia, and E.A.Rudyk, Head of the Personnel Evaluation and Development Department of RN-Uvatneftegaz, shared their experience in accumulating human capital within their corporations, focusing on the institution of mentoring. M.M.Skvortsov, Director General of JSC “TALK”, winner of the contest “Leaders of Russia”, devoted his speech to the role of the projects of the forum “Russia — Land of Opportunities” in shaping demand and supply of human capital. V.V.Yakushev, Governor of the Tyumen region, summed up the discussion by drawing attention to the complex nature of the formation of human capital and the important roles that the state, business and family can and should play in this process.
ECCE 2018 VII International Conference Early Childhood Care and Education Proceedings
The subject of the analysis in this article is the hierarchy of working Russians ' statuses from the point of view of their qualification. The article clarifies the wording of the concept of qualification status and tests specific indicators for its evaluation in modern Russian society. The method of construction of the qualification status scale is described. The results of the analysis of indicators of this scale for the working-age population of Russia are shown. The structure of the obtained status hierarchy and the ratio of the person's place in it with its other characteristics are analyzed (ascriptive characteristics, professional affiliations, self-assessment of your professional skills etc.). It is determined that of the ascriptive characteristics of the most important for the qualification status of the employee is his age. The specificity of the qualification status of working Russians from different educational and professional groups also are analyzed. Special attention paid to comparison of objective indicators of qualification status of Russians with subjective assessments of this status. The empirical basis for the analysis was the data of the 25th wave of the annual survey of HSE RLMS held in 2016.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.