Программа курса "Авторское право и смежные права"
An imbalance of interests can arise not only in favor of the copyright holder against the interests of society. But also against the copyright holder in the interests of another copyright holder. With regard to performing artists, an incredible imbalance has arisen. AI rights began to be recognized only in 1961, when the Rome Convention on the Protection of the Rights of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations was adopted, which guarantees a minimum amount of rights of performers to their unrecorded performances, giving them not the exclusive right of right holders, but “the opportunity to prevent ". Exclusive rights to performing artists were granted later. Art. 19 of the Rome Convention deprives performing artists of all exclusive rights to recorded performances. The situation is partially overcome. Moral rights were not granted to performing artists under the Rome Convention, they were granted much later. The article considers the development of norms in these three areas (exclusive rights, Article 19 of the Rome Convention, moral rights) in international treaties and the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.
On 2 July 2013, the Russian legislature adopted the first Russian law which specifically addresses the issue of online copyright enforcement (Anti-piracy Law).
The new Anti-piracy Law introduced three groups of legal mechanisms aimed at preventing online copyright infringements: (1) a website blocking regime, (2) liability of information intermediaries, and (3) safe harbors for information intermediaries.
(1) Under the new website blocking regime, a person who owns the rights to a film can apply to the Moscow City Court for an interim injunction in order to force Internet service providers to remove infringing content or block access to a website, which is allegedly involved in copyright infringing activity.
(2) The Anti-piracy Law introduces the legal term "information intermediary" without providing a clear definition. Instead, the law identifies several types of activity which could make a person an "information intermediary": transmission of content over the Internet; content hosting; offering access to content made available online; and hosting of information which is necessary to access content online.
(3) Some of these information intermediaries are able to claim safe harbors if they comply with certain requirements.
These mechanisms are similar to copyright enforcement frameworks contained in the Digital Millennium Copyright Act and E-Commerce Directive. However, the Anti-piracy Law represents one of the first steps toward Internet copyright enforcement in the Russian Federation.
The article addresses the reform of the Russian intellectual property law in 2014.
With the adoption of Part IV of the Civil Code of Russian Federation significantly changed the use of intellectual property as part of a complex object. The paper studies the complex object of intellectual property rights. In the absence of specific studies, complex object of intellectual property rights is reviewed for example theaters performances. Objective: To identify the preconditions consolidation in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation of a complex object, fully explore the complex object through the prism of theaters performances, and to identify the distinctive features of the basic characteristics of a complex object. Methods: The methodological basis for the study account for comparative-historical, analytical and systematic methods. Results: The article explains that a significant influence on the formation of the modern design of a complex object has admitted Soviet legislation the possibility of recognition of authorship for legal entities. Negatively assessed elected legislator domestic approach to form an exhaustive list of types of complex object in the absence of a definition and unambiguous signs of a complex object. The author proves the necessity of a consistent regulation of complex object as a whole and theaters presentation particularly in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. Conclusions: The special treatment of a complex object introduced to the Civil Code of the Russian Federation to solve the issue of the relationship between the organizer and the rights of the original authors. The basic characteristic of a complex object should be considered as its internal structure: there are several results of intellectual activity that constitute a whole. Second in order of importance is the organizer of the activity, from which, on the one hand, the initiative is based on the creation of a complex object, on the other hand, liability and financial risks. The author states that for theaters as a kind of representation of a complex object is characterized by a single creative idea. A model that allows to enforce the balance of interests of the organizer and director-choreographer theaters performances.
The subject of this monograph is intellectual property law in Russia. This study focuses on legal mechanisms of protection of intellectual property rights since, in Russia, legislation is the main source of such rights. Though neither judicial practice nor theses propounded in legal literature are formally considered sources of intellectual property law in Russia, they at times seriously affect court rulings, and so much attention is paid to them in this study in dealing with key issues and points of dispute.
All references to legislation in this monograph are valid as of August 2014, but account is taken of amendments to Part Four of the Civil Code that are due to enter into force on 1 October 2014.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/