Человек и власть: перекрестки российской истории
The article discusses the views of Alexei Borovoi, one of the most prominent representatives of Russian post-classical anarchism, on issues related to the phenomena of parliamentarism and representative democracy. The first part of the article examines the basic philosophy behind the concept of anarcho-humanism, which determined Borovoi’s critical attitude to parliamentarian organization. His doctrine are based on negative dialectics and the continuous pursuit of an ideal that sends the society on an eternal quest for political forms compatible with the requirements of individuals with an ever increasing degree of liberty. The main part of the article analyzes Borovoi’s arguments against parliamentarism that can be summed up in the following six points: (a) the class nature of parliaments and the fi ctitious power of popular will; (b) the tyranny of the masses; (c) the parliament’s subordination to the government; (d) the opportunism of political parties; (e) the hypocrisy of election procedures; and (f) non-professionalism of parliamentarians.
How is power and authority distributed in the European Union? What role does state capacity play in the framework of relations between the levels of authority in the EU? In this article, we seek to answer these questions by addressing two key approaches to the analysis of the European Union as a multi-level system of governance: the structural-actor approach and the approach of consociational democracy. While supporters of the structural-actor approach perceive the EU as a hierarchical system, where one of the levels of power is always in a position of dominance and can dictate its rules of the game, the theoreticians of European consociationalism are more interested in the issues related to the decision-making process under the conditions of “grand coalitions”, horizontal and vertical accountability and democratic deficit.
The chapter is based on the outcomes on empirical study in 5 small Russian towns. The process of building coalitions between municipal and business elites is discussed. Several types of coalitions are singled out and analyzed: coalitions with "our people", coalitions with "non-local", electoral coalitions, coalitions for personal gain, coalitions for the sake of the public good.
In this article, the author analyzes the process of commemoration occurring in the Lipetsk region. The author reserves the most popular plot commemorations, with the help of which the memory of the past is recorded in the form of memorial plaques.
From the point of view of the author, the commemoration, carried out within the framework of the requirements of the subject of the Russian Federation, is a reflection of the federal policy. In the regional political process the same policy accents are noted as in the memory of the state.
The role of parents in the process of raising and educating children has become more complex. The accepted models for describing parental participation in the educational process (J. Epstein, J. Eccles) do not fully describe the contribution of modern parents to the education of their children. The article proposes a new model of parental participation, based on the concept of power-knowledge M.Foucault.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.