Качество и уровень жизни населения в условиях глобального кризиса: Материалы конференции
The authors analyzed the population life quality of some regions in Russian Federation with using of multivariate statistical analysis. The authors found that increasing population life quality, in particular, increasing life expectancy can be achieved by adjusting the demographic indicators, cash income, development of health, social and environmental security in the Volga Federal District. While in the municipalities of the Republic of Mari El the growth of employment, wages, migration and natural population growth, the number of doctors and the number of inputs houses, reducing proportion of dilapidated housing and reduced mortality improved the quality o f life and increase fertility.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.