Логика «Я»: персонологическая перспектива
The article substantiates new direction of psychological studies of the personality which is called general personology. It was developed as a response to the gap existing in psychology of personality between theory, empirical studies, cultural and hermeneutical approaches, psychotherapy and reflection and self-development of personologists and all those involved into personological process. General personology is defined as the direction in studying personality integrating cultural, fundamental (theoretical and empirical), practical personology and personology of self-fulfilment. There is introduced the symbol notion “personology pyramid”. There are given examples of research approaches that are based on synthesis of knowledge and methods from different areas of general personology. There is studied the experience of building and conducting of personological study devoted to dialogical relation of I – beloved Other, conditions of its formation and interlinks with social positioning of personality. It is substantiated on theoretical, hermeneutical and empirical levels that dialogical nature of relation, in fact, is its fulfilment in dimensions between I-and-Beloved-Other, I-in-Beloved-Other, Beloved-other-in-I, I-in-Self, activity of personality’s living through each dimension, formation of internal social resource of personality. The study results are intended for psychological consulting practice and self-cognition of the personality in the context of relation with meaningful others.
Closeness is one of predictors of stability and satisfaction with romantic relationships. Despite the large number of studies intersubjective perspective on the phenomenon is not fully disclosed in the literature. In particular, few works are devoted to the dynamics of I providing this special kind of experience of pre-reflective connectedness among people. Based on the concept of the reflected agency of V. A. Petrovsky and on the principles of a new personology (V. A. Petrovsky, E. B. Starovoitenko), the article considers closeness as a special experience of connection with others, achieved through reciprocal representation of reflected agency (otherness, to which I do not want to resist). In accordance with the levels of reflected agency, three levels of closeness are described, and important aspects that constitute the phenomenon (risk, authentic expression of emotions, alternation of openness and delimitation in relationships) are revealed.
The collected papers of Kyiv international University Institute of Social and Political Psychology of NAPS of Ukraine presents the results of theoretical and methodological and experimental research in various fields of psychological science and practice. The authors of the book are the scientists, professors, doctoral students, graduate students, undergraduates, practice.
The study presented in this article is based on the definition of science as a cultural phenomenon, offered by T.S. Kuhn. This approach enables the treatment of psychology of personality and general personology as an open world of cultural phenomena such as productive ideas and theories, models and scientific facts, methods and practices, interpretations and communications. The genesis and potential of these phenomena can be discovered by the cultural phenomenology of the personality. Using methods of hermeneutics, modelling and building of reflexive practices which are relevant to cultural methodology of personality, the author proposes the idea of the internal dialog I —Оther as a significant intrapersonal condition in developing the self-identity of the I. In understanding self-identity its achievement is emphasized as a path where the trend of the I to preserve itself meets with challenges of unidentification with self and further identification at new levels. A structure is offered for developing dialog oriented towards the multilevel reflective opening of the I in relation to the Other from positions of the I and the internal Other. It is shown that such a dialog can enrich and strengthen the self-identity of the I through harmonization, problematization and synthesis of I-representations obtained from the above positions. The author’s idea has been developed as a continuum: hermeneutical model — theoretical model — reflective model. It addresses the task of studying and actualizing the opportunity to achieve the self-identity of the I in internal dialog.
The book of professor Starovoytenko generalizes the long-term work of author which dedicated to implementation of innovative scientific and educational project of Personology as the "science of synthesis". Perspective format of personality psychology which consists of hermeneutics of “culture texts”, fundamental theory, counseling practices and models of personal self-consciousness is grounded. Relying on tradition of constructing personology in the world science the author emphasizes the importance of development such its directions as culture personology, personology of life and personology of “I”. All the three directions suppose studies which distinguish by originality of research models, methods, theoretical and practical results. Author realized the system of these studies with support of great scientists in National Research University Higher School of Economics. This system of studies is a content of the book. The studies was conducted in the context of cultural genesis of cognition of personality, with applying of qualitative methods, by the way of synthesis of actual fundamental ideas about personality and accompanied by development of new interpretative and reflective models of personality. The text of the book demonstrates not only the presentation of research approach of author but representation of new ways of scientific understanding of “personality” and new ways of self-awareness and reflection of live for the reader. By that way this text is theoretical-methodological, operational and developing. The specific of the book is in educational orientation which impressed in the structure of the text, the style of knowledge transmission and educational character of contained reflexive models. The book created as a part of teaching software for psychological bachelors and masters programs in research universities of Russia, in particular for masters program “Consultative psychology. Personology” in National Research University Higher School of Economics. Also the book is aimed at development of new forms of interpersonal dialogues in science, education, coach and counseling work, in close communication. It contains the practices of strengthening of personal I in social relationships and professional activity. Its leitmotiv is development of contemporary culture as a culture of personality in which the new personology plays the major role.
The book can be recommended to professional psychologists, philosophers and to all who are interested in problems of personality psychology.
The work is devoted to the methodology of personological research using the idea (and models) of a significant life situation as a research principle. The methodology is described on the example of the study of the "unknown I". The questionnaire “My significant life situation” presented. The author’s hermeneutic models of the “unknown I” in a life situation which based on the texts of J.P. Sartre and S.L. Rubinstein provided in the article. Analysis of an individual case is shown.