От общественного к публичному: Коллективная монография
V. Shalamov in his "The Kolyma stories" presented a picture of social "hell" in which human sufferings pass a limit beyond which the essence of the person is dissolved and disappears in illusive existence. In this "hell" there is no place for morality: the absolute evil triumphs. However, the hopelessness of "the hell" paradoxically gives chance to preserve fundamental distinctions of the good and evil. This chance is given by understanding of the threat of the spiritual death and by resistance against it. Shalamov constructed a paradoxical and sublime interpretation of personal spiritual immortality which depends on the person's determination to resist against this threat.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.