The presented monograph includes papers of the acknowledged Russian and foreign researchers and practitioners in internationalisation of higher education. It also presents analysis of current trends and practices of internationalisation at institutional and national levels. The monograph’s content reflects transformations of internationalisation as a key concept and process that shape discourse and practices in higher education systems. The authors hope that this book will contribute to enhancement of national higher education policy on development of the system and Russian HEIs. The monograph is recommended to researchers and experts in higher education policy and management, government officials, rectors and university managers responsible for internationalisation of higher education.
As we progress into the 21st century, the international dimension of higher education is becoming increasingly important and at the same time, much more complex. The changing dynamics of internationalization are contributing to the current state of turmoil in the higher education sector. (Knight 2012) During the last decade, there have been new actors, new rationales, new programs, new regulations, and new developments in globalization. Internationalization has become a formidable force for change, as the following developments and initiatives in higher education demonstrate.
As internationalization adapts to meet new challenges, it is important to examine the key concepts that inform and shape the internationalization process and sometimes result in unexpected developments and unanticipated results. The following discussion acknowledges the multiple and varied benefits attributed to internationalization, but the primary focus is on the unintended consequences that need to be addressed and monitored.
The chapter analyses the experience of evaluation of modern universities’ internationalization. Special focus is given to the systems of indicators used for evaluation of international activities within various academic rankings. Drawing from analysis of the most popular global, regional and national single- and multidimensional academic rankings the authors argue that the number of indicators, that are reliable and relevant for evaluation of university international activities, is limited and doesn’t reflect modern development processes in higher education. The authors stress the importance of further development of the internationalization’s evaluation within different approaches, in particular multi-dimensional rankings practices, where internationalization is considered as one of the key institutional function. Based on the analysis of the approbation outcomes of the Template Methodology of Russian HEIs Multidimensional Ranking, the authors describe the differentiation processes occur in the Russian Higher Education system. Level of internationalization of Russian HEIs is seen as a possible criterion of their further differentiation