A successful realization of the Russia and Belarus Union State’s project SKIF made a strong impulse to supercomputing in both countries. The scale of positive externalities to a large degree was made of the selected open model of intellectual property management. This made supercomputing available not only to the large corporations and state R&D bodies, but to the small and medium business as well. This resulted in the rise of innovation implementation and their contribution to modernization of Russian and Belarusian economies on the whole.
In the presented article, the author investigates the content of the legal and economic relations, opposing them to each other. Earlier, the economic and legal theories identified these phenomena, not allowing to find their own essence. The author suggests to divide all public relations into two main groups: natural and artificial where to the last belongs the legislation while the majority of the economic relations have natural character. The conclusions made by the author prove the most important rule of economic efficiency – the need of freedom for businessmen from external, first of all, public influence. The author insists on absolute nature of such freedom as only under this condition, the maximum of efficiency is reached. Legal relations are required to approach, if possible, to the natural state, having made them the most free that in the legal sphere means the development of private and reduction of public law.