Идентичность Средиземноморья: Российские элементы XXXI семинар, посвященный сотрудничеству в районе Средиземноморья Карбония 18-20 ноября 2010
The author considers the pre-revolutionary Russian academic lawyers' viewpoints on human rights and freedoms: the liberal ideas at the end of the XIXth - the beginning of the XXth century in the studies of B. N. Chicherin, S. A. Muromtsev, N. M. Korkunov, M. M. Kovalevskii and P. I. Novgorodtsev, and the freedom of assembly views of such native political scientists as V. M. Gessen, V. V. Ivanovskii, S. A. Kotlyarevskii, A. I. Elistratov and V. F. Deryuzhinskii.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
Based on the works by M. N. Katkov, L. A. Tikhomirov, P. E. Kazansky, the representatives of the conservative political and legal thought in Russia at the turn of the XX century, the article provides a comprehensive overview of their ideas on personal freedom and the role of the state in its realization, balance between rights and duties regarded as elements of legal status of a person. The article challenges a common stereotype about conservative thinkers ignoring the concept of personal freedom. On the contrary, the author argues that the problem of personal freedom was regarded in relation with adjustment of the principles of the absolute supremacy with the tendencies of modernization. The liberal ideas on incompatibility of personal freedom with the state were opposed by the conservative thesis on non-antagonism of personal freedom to monarchy which is regarded as a safeguard of modernization. Still the conservative ideas on universal freedom leading to personal oppression proved to be fatidic.
These conference proceedings represent the best of 39 registered papers submitted by authors from 19 countries.