Международное частное право: учебник
Present edition is prepared following the results of the international scientific conference «Private International Law: Universal and Regional Aspects».
The collection covers a wide range of problems reflecting the latest trends in private international law. The problems of universal and regional unification are studied, current trends in the development of national legislation on private international law are highlighted. The edition is intended for postgraduates, professors, academic re-searchers dealing with problems of private international law, practicing lawyers and for all interested in this range of problems.
The article is devoted to a comprehensive study of the current state, specifics and perspectives of the codification of Israel’s private international law (PIL) - a mixed legal family state with a «hybrid» legal system, which is fully manifested in the nature of conflict-of-law regulation of relations connected with foreign law and order. The regulatory framework of the study is the Israeli legislation of PIL and Israeli case law. Much attention is also paid to the analysis of the Israeli doctrine of PIL, whose representatives advocate the idea of adopting a comprehensive autonomous law on PIL and international civil procedure. The research methodology is based on the application of methods of comparative analysis and comparative law. The direct subject of the study is the sources of the PIL of Israel and some of the institutions of the general part of the PIL - renvoi, qualification of legal concepts, determination of the content of foreign law. These institutions of the Israeli PIL are very slightly regulated by law, but they cause constant problems in judicial practice and attract the attention of the doctrine. The article concluded that Israel’s PIL was originally and still rooted in English common law and develops in line with this tradition, although the general process of «continentalization» of Israeli law also affects the relationship of the sphere of PIL.
The aim of the study is to analyze interpersonal conflicts (interpersonal law) in private international law (hereinafter – PIL) of Israel. Interpersonal law is a set of legal rules governing the position of different personal systems operating simultaneously in the same country. Israel is a country with a plurality of personal legal systems applicable to certain groups of persons depending on their religious affiliation. In Israel, religion is not separated from the state, so interpersonal conflicts there are particularly acute. Comparative legal, comparative historical, formal and logical methods, methods of comparative analysis and comparative law were used as the methodology of the study. The object of regulation and the scope of interpersonal law and PIL largely overlap. PIL and interpersonal law have a common historical function – to ensure the implementation of the principle of equality of all legal systems and the recognition of subjective rights legally acquired on the basis of a different legal order. Both PIL and interpersonal law are designed to facilitate and legitimize the joint life of different human communities separated by state borders, ethnic or religious affiliation. Analysis of interpersonal conflicts on the example of Israeli interpersonal law shows that the common origin of PIL and interpersonal law creates a strong degree of similarity between them and causes their internal relationship. For the resolution of personal conflicts of laws in the judicial practice of Israel general approaches, principles and instruments of PIL are widely used. Determination of the content of the applicable personal law and qualification of legal concepts are made on the basis of the theory of resolution of conflict qualifications developed in the PIL; one of the main connecting factors that determine the competence of religious courts and the application of religious law is the autonomy of the will of the parties. On most personal status issues, secular legislation has been adopted in Israel, but the main issues of personal status – marriage and divorce – remain outside the sphere of secular regulation. The absence of civil marriage and the restriction of civil divorce force people to seek ways to circumvent religious laws; the absence of an equivalent personal law for a "person without religion" discriminates people on a religious basis. It can be predicted that the forthcoming entry into force of the secular civil code will narrow the scope of interpersonal conflicts on personal status issues.
The article examines current trends in the process of national codifications of international private law (PIL) on the example of countries in Asia and Africa. The choice of the subject of the study is due to the fact that the PIL of these countries is least known to the Russian reader. Meanwhile, the process of codification of PIL is global, covering all regions of the world, including Asia and Africa. The legislation of these countries demonstrates the whole variety of forms and methods of codification of PIL, the whole range of contradictions and problems that arise when developing new laws and modernizing old ones. The article concluded that in the codification of MPEs in African and Asian countries, the intrabranch form dominates, with a considerable number of legislators preferring the intrabranch integrated method; there is a direct borrowing of the European models adopted many years ago, often without their adaptation to current trends in the development of the PIL; many laws on PIL in Islamic countries have a religious tint, which may hinder the normal development of cross-border private relations.
Annotation to the award of ICAC at the Russian Chamber of Trade and Commerce dated June 3, 2017 № 201/2016.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/