Введение в психологию бизнеса
Examines the modification of the interdisciplinary connections of source stydy, depending on the transformation of its disciplinary status – a component of the methodology of history / a subdiscipline of historical science, – in correlation with the change of the object of source study. The immanence of connection of phenomenological conception of source study with psychology is revealed. The hypothesis about the multidisciplinary construction of the object of source study at the transformation of its subject in the subject field of historical science on the basis of the concept of “empirical reality of the historical world” is justified.
For several decades the Soviet academic psychology community was isolated from the West, yet after the collapse of the Soviet Union each of the 15 countries went their own way in economic, social, and scientific development. The paper analyses publications from post-Soviet countries in psychological journals in 1992–2017, i.e. 26 years after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Over the period in question, 15 post-Soviet countries had published 4986 papers in psychology, accounting for less than one percent of the world output in psychological journals. However, the growth of post-Soviet countries’ output in psychological journals, especially that of Russia and Estonia, is observed during this period. Over time, post-Soviet authors began to write more papers in international teams, constantly increasing the proportion of papers in which they are leaders and main contributors. Their papers are still underrepresented in the best journals as well as among the most cited papers in the field and are also cited lower than the world average. However, the impact of psychological papers from post-Soviet countries increases with time. There is a huge diversity between 15 post-Soviet countries in terms of contribution, autonomy, and impact. Regarding the number of papers in psychological journals, the leading nations are Russia, Estonia, Lithuania, Ukraine, and Georgia. Estonia is the leader in autonomy in publishing papers in psychological journals among post-Soviet countries. Papers from Estonia and Georgia are cited higher than the world average, whereas papers from Russia and Ukraine are cited below the world average. Estonia and Georgia also boast a high number of Highly cited papers.
This article presents a theoretical framework for the author’s experimental work in contemporary poetry, which has received a term cognitive poetry. In contrast to cognitive poetics, which applies the principles of cognitive psychology to interpret poetic texts, cognitive poetry applies these principles to produce poetic texts. The theoretical considerations of cognitive poetry are based on the assumption that one of the major purposes of creative work is to elicit aesthetical reaction in the beholder. The aesthetical reaction to the poetic texts could be achieved via their satiation with multiple meanings presented through multiple sensory modalities. Cognitive poetry employs techniques developed in cognitive psychology to explicitly address cognitive processes underlying construction of multiple conceptual planes. The following techniques are discussed: priming, Stroop effect, multimodal and multilingual presentations. The applications of these techniques are illustrated with examples of poetic texts produced by the author.
The past few years have witnessed an increase of, on one hand, interest in popularized scientific knowledge, on the other hand, the number of people who believe in homeopathy and are wary of genetically modified products. It indicates a need for popularizing scientific knowledge including information about scientific psychology and scientifically developed practical methods which must be conveyed to the public at large, to those who take great interest in psychology, but look for information in the mass media rather than at school or university. In the last decade the social networks have become an everyday source of information for many people, especially young, and the quality of information about psychology being spread through the networks is of considerable interest to psychologists. The study described aimed to assess academic quality of psychological texts in theme communities, popular with users of the social network “Vkontakte”. Expert assessment (by young academic psychologists working at research institutes and universities of Moscow and St. Petersburg) helped to identify communities broadcasting academically correct (scientifically proved) and incorrect (not proved scientifically) information about psychology in the network. Texts (news, posts) from the two types of communities were identified with the help of the crawler, a system of collecting data from social networks, and prevalent subjects and terminology were identified with the help of computerized linguistic analysis. The terms “synapse”, “learning”, “axon”, “mediator” could serve as indicators of the academic nature of the texts, while “money”, “happiness”, “introvert” are indicators of the opposite. The authors intend to use the data obtained for developing recommendations for subscribers and network administrators interested in spreading scientific information about psychology.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.