Перелом в истории Африки: ожидания и реальность
The article analyzes the events that preceded the independence of Rwanda in 1962. The author explores the reasons that led to the "ethnization" of the social split between Tutsis and Hutus, and tries to find out what role the struggle between the Hutu and Tutsi elites and the policy of the Belgian colonial administration played in increasing Tutsi-Hutu hostility. An attempt is also made to explain why did the "Autorité administrante" shift its political support to Hutus parties in 1959–1962.
The chapter looks at one aspect of the changes in the African continentst, connected with the fall of colonialism simultaneously in many countries of this reagion. In the South of the continent, where colonoalism ligered, the reaction to liberation in other countries was the turn to the armed struggle against colpnilism and apartheid. The chapter presents the analysis of the views of both the protagonists and the opponents of this shift.