Противодействие терроризму: психологическая помощь обучающимся и формирование личности безопасного типа: практическое пособие
The manual describes a program of psychological support for students who are exposed to the ideology of terrorism or who have fallen under the
influence of this ideology. In this regard, the content of the educational, psychodiagnostic, correctional and developmental stages of its implementation is revealed. The paper presents an algorithm for conducting psychological counseling with students and recommendations to parents on psychological
support for children exposed to the ideology of terrorism.
The practical tools described in the manual can be used in the framework of preventive and correctional work with participants of the
educational process. The developed materials are addressed to educational administrators, teachers, teachers-psychologists of educational organizations and parents
In the article it is examined the key approaches to the management of educational systems within modernization of education in Russia. It is demonstrated the principal differences in management for the educational institution and educational organization. It is described the capabilities provided for the development of educational institutions within 174-Federal Law and 83 — Fedeal Law. It is underlined the decisive role of the agreed values of the participants in educational process for the results of the educational development system.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.