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Мониторинг экономики образования

Вып. 43: Доступность дошкольного образования для детей до трех лет: региональный аспект, меры государственной политики. М.: Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2020.
Абанкина И. В., Филатова Л. М.

In the work presents an assessment of the early development of children enrolled in educational organizations implementing pre-school education programs, childcare and nursery care. The issues of increasing the accessibility of pre-school education for young children (up to 3 years) and the provision of places in federal districts and differentiation of access to pre-school education by territorial basis: urban settlements and rural areas are considered. In the face of today's challenges, families recognize the importance of early development of children in pre-school education as a first level of education and share the responsibility for the upbringing and education of children with pre-school educational organizations.

The source of the information was the results of a sociological survey on the parents of children under 3 years of age, based on data from the monitoring of the education economy conducted in 2020 by the National Research University "Higher School of Economics" with the support of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation. Statistics on the dynamics of increasing access to pre-school education for children under 3 years of age are also used.

  • The state policy, focused on the additional payment of child benefits to families with children in the context of a pandemic, is expressed, among other things, in the state's readiness to assume obligations to ensure the availability of preschool education and to share with parents the responsibility for raising young children. 
  • Many preschool educational organizations have switched to a remote work format during the period of the COVID epidemiological situation. Working conditions remotely during the pandemic influenced the decline in the coverage of young children (up to 3 years) with preschool education.
  • There is a territorial differentiation in the distribution of pupils of nursery groups in federal districts, urban settlements and rural areas.
Мониторинг экономики образования