«Вакансия поэта»-2: материалы двух конференций
The Russian futurism has become a precedent phenomenon for a number of Avant-garde poetic groups, some of which defined themselves as “neofuturists” or used other names that referred to their predecessors. In the experience of futurism manifesto practice of poetic circles of Mayakovski and Khlebnikov turned out to be the particularly important for them. Manifestos, declarations, invocations etc developed a special language, that was a beloved base for personal program documents. While the first Russian avant-gardists were declaratively breaking up with the tradition, their descendants saw them as founders of a new tradition, and seized upon it. This article is dedicated to some of these documents and practices (“nebyvalists”, ”neofuturists”, of so called Leningrad “philological school”, “buduschelys” and others), and to a number of straight allusions and reminiscences to famous texts of Russian futurism (primarily the “A Slap in the Face of Public Taste” manifesto).
The article provides an overview of the poetic attitudes discovered in the “Poetry” award list. The analysis of the verses is aimed at identifying common spots in the poetic art. The premium list contains four groups of poetological “toposes”: “toposes” associated with sound, with language, with society and with the purpose of poetry. Modern authors prefer to follow the archaic concept of “music” within the poetology of sound as a key quality century, meanwhile there is a striving to contrast the “toposes” of language (of writing) and sound (of speech) as conditionally “avant-garde” and “traditionalist” poles of poetry. Speaking of language, generally all the poets inherit the linguistic philosophy of the 20th. In the social sphere, there is a strong tendency to criticize the mass society and especially the professional community as institutions that hinder creative self-realization. And finally, the understanding of creativity as work with trauma – both personal and common (social, historical, ontological) prevails in the field of poetry teleology. At the same time, ethical and political dimensions are introduced into poetology. Exceptions, either those adjoining other traditions, or quite individual, are found in each of the listed groups. Thereby, aesthetic self-reflection becomes one of the central themes of modern poetry, blurring the line between poetic and theoretical discourses.