Eclecticism at the Edges: Medieval Art and Architecture at the Crossroads of Latin, Greek, and Slavic Cultural Spheres (c. 1300 – c. 1550)
The comparative and multi-disciplinary framework of this volume, ranging from art history to archaeology, and from material culture to architectural history, explores the visual cultures of regions of the Balkan Peninsula and the Carpathian Mountains (c. 1300 – c. 1550). The essays raise issues of cultural contact, transmission, and appropriation of Western, Byzantine, and Slavic artistic production, challenging the ways we understand these eclectic visual vocabularies and the regions that form a cultural landscape beyond medieval, Byzantine, and modern borders.
Deux lettres acéphales du temps de Zimri-Lim, A.358 et A.3379, contiennent de nouvelles informations relatives à l’artisanat de Mari et à son vocabulaire.
The article elucidates diverse forms of visual representation of medieval and early modern court festivals.
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The interrelations between culture and economic development cause noticeable interest in the academic community in recent years, however a set of questions still remain open. In particular, there isn’t a lot of works about the interdependence of visual culture and economic practices. The paper shows the interdependence of accounting practices that ensure transparency in society, with the evolution of visual culture for the last one thousand years. Accounting history for this period is presented as a consequence of the stages which provide the increasing of transparency in economic units (or availability of information) to the actorsinterested in their activity – from owners to society in general. Visual culture is considered as set of objects suggesting their visual perception, and the technologies supporting them. Synchronism is shown between accounting revolutions and significant changes in visual culture and technologies: these are cultural innovations of the beginning of the 2nd millennium, period of the Renaissance, second half of XIX and end of the XX centuries. Joint periodization is offered for the accounting practices and visual culture, on the basis of changes in the mechanisms of transparency in society, i.e. technologies and instruments of information perception and cultural practices’ reproduction. It is shown that visual aspects and innovative technologies supporting them had the greatest impact on development of accounting from all aspects of culture, and this impact can be traced only in the context of the European culture.
The book is the collection of papers on history, archaeology and art critics of North-West Russia and Baltic area.
The article is based on the introductory part of the collection on “Material Culture and Technology in Everyday Life: Ethnographic Approaches” (2009). The author presents a brief review of concepts that have been lately employed in research on material or technological culture. He attempts to show that different disciplines do in fact use adjacent notions and concepts in thinking about materiality, and tries to delineate ways of bringing the different research traditions to a unified platform that could serve as a theoretical foundation for the complex materialistic study of technological culture.
Les données des textes de Mari permettent aujourd’hui de prouver que le terme nūbalum désignait une sorte de palanquin, c’est-à-dire un véhicule d’apparat porté par des hommes. Les nūbalum abondamment décorés étaient destinés au transport de personnes de sang royal, d’effigies divines et de hauts fonctionnaires, aussi bien pour des voyages assez longs que pour des déplacements dans le palais. Cette réalité, absente de la culture suméro-akkadienne, appartenait plutôt au monde méditerannéen oriental qui est, pour cette époque, surtout documenté par les archives de Mari.