Проблемы перехода на дистанционное обучение в Российской Федерации глазами учителей
Research «Problems of Switching to Distance Education in the Russian Federation through the Eyes of Teachers» was carried out by the Laboratory for Me- diacommunications in Education of the National Research University Higher School of Economics in late March — early April 2020. The aim is to identify main problems and difficulties faced by teachers during this period. 22 600 teachers in 75 regions of the country were participated in the survey. The availability of devices for con- ducting video and audio lessons and working with online platforms was evaluated among teachers and pupil. At the time of the survey only 25% of teachers conduct- ed video lessons. Rural schools and schools in small and medium-sized towns are at risk due to the small numbers of devices for online classes in families. In addition to problems with technical support and low speed of Internet connection teachers point out the lack of training materials on online platforms from such subjects as music, art, additional education and adapted manuals for children with disabilities. The current situation in 6 regions was reviewed separately: Saratov Oblast, Kras- nodar Krai, Zabaykalsky Krai, Omsk Oblast, Murmansk Oblast and Sakha (Yakutia) Republic.
Regional education authorities may be interested in this research as an objective assessment of the transition to distance learning and to build integrated work to eliminate the most actual problems.
Education is an important foundation to build on in any area of the modern world. Only quality education allows students to take up the most promising jobs, and for employers to get better trained employees. The purpose of this study is to develop an approach to the development of a new educational peer-to-peer (P2P) platform that can overcome existing barriers to the use of such services and meet the needs of the entire educational ecosystem. To achieve this goal, the research includes a comparative analysis of existing educational services in Russia, identifying their weaknesses and current barriers to the end users. The approach is based on a broad analysis of the needs of all market players and stakeholders. The result: the current paper provides recommendations for the development of an innovative educational P2P service, which will be able to solve the existing problems of the education market.
All world upward trends and cycles have a lot in common while crises significantly differ. In the case of this research the recession was sparked not by the shock of financial sector but by the restrictions imposed on consumption that previously was not inclined to fluctuate that much. Oil price shock has increased negative influence on the world energy market and economy overall. The decline in employment and personal consumption has struck more on most vulnerable social classes but the decreased volume of demand can be also attributed to the wealth (catering, tourism and others). Once began, the recession develops by its own rules — a sharp fall in the world trade, fixed capital formation, growth of budget deficits, and particularly strong impact on developing countries most dependent on tourism and financial assistance.
Keywords: pandemic, coronavirus, COVID-19, business cycle, social inequality, personal consumption, capital formation, finance.
JEL: A14, D11, F02, T32.
Host miRNAs are known as important regulators of virus replication and pathogenesis. They can interact with various viruses through several possible mechanisms including direct binding of viral RNA. Identification of human miRNAs involved in coronavirus-host interplay becomes important due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. In this article we performed computational prediction of high-confidence direct interactions between miRNAs and seven human coronavirus RNAs. As a result, we identified six miRNAs (miR-21-3p, miR-195-5p, miR-16-5p, miR-3065-5p, miR-424-5p and miR-421) with high binding probability across all analyzed viruses. Further bioinformatic analysis of binding sites revealed high conservativity of miRNA binding regions within RNAs of human coronaviruses and their strains. In order to discover the entire miRNA-virus interplay we further analyzed lungs miRNome of SARS-CoV infected mice using publicly available miRNA sequencing data. We found that miRNA miR-21-3p has the largest probability of binding the human coronavirus RNAs and being dramatically up-regulated in mouse lungs during infection induced by SARS-CoV.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.