The EuroAtlantic Union Review
Abstract. The long financial crisis, the failure and the bailout of some giants of the financial
world, the injections of liquidity to support the market, the levels of public intervention to contain
what some analysts defined in 2008 as the “fall of Wall Street, or the “collapse Wall Street”, lead us
to reflect on the relationship between politics and economics. With this work we intend to present
the perspective of the Social Market Economy and its difficult reception by the Italian politics. We
will do so, by making use of the reflection of some important Italian analysts of the contemporary
Italian political history and by presenting the contribution of the Italian political scientist Luigi
Sturzo. A contribution that allows us to highlight the international dimension of the model of the
Social Market Economy and also to understand the reasons for the difficult of its implementation in
our Italy. From this reflection, we cultivate the hope that the awareness that an era is over and the
recovery of a thought as current as that of Sturzo’s will lead the ruling classes of domestic and global
culture to reconsider the relevance of the rules for the market discipline. Free competition is a good too
important to sink under the waves of irresponsibility and greed of bankers, managers and politicians.
We need to understand that the free market does not exist outside of the rules of free competition.