Идеологемы и аксиологемы русского языкового сознания как отражение констант и динамики национальной ментальности
The article presents the result of the scientific study of ideologemes power and society in the language of public politics with the purpose to identify the content of ideologemes and the main ways of their language representation: to identify the frequency of use of language representatives, 150 their collocations, concordance lists, made by using corpus analysis tools. The source of speech material was the platform http://kremlin.ru/; khv.ldpr.ru.
The article examines new words in Chinese language, inspired by the ideology of the construction of ecological civilization. On the basis of the work reports of the government in 2016 and 2017 years we analyze the features of the political discourse of the 5th generation of Chinese leaders, led by the Chairman of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping. The accurate analysis of the neologism in the ecological sphere helps to identify the basic laws of modern word formation in the Chinese language. The political discourse of the "Xi’s era" is characterized by active linguistic creativity, systemic and multifaceted construction, the existence of a hierarchy and links between the concepts and the complexity of the approach, combining political, economic and environmental aspects.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.