5th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2018, Conference Proceedings
Collection of reports of the 5th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts, devoted to topical issues of Sociology and Healthcare
SCIENCE IN MODERN SOCIETY: PATTERNS AND TRENDS OF DEVELOPMENT Orenburg, November 10, 2017
INTERACTION BETWEEN SCIENCE AND SOCIETY: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS
What role has objectivity played in the history of science and what role does it play today? How are innovations in science possible? What is the interrelation between research practices, epistemic virtues, and the scientific self? How are epistemic virtues affected by relations of science and the public, the state, the funders, the industry, media, etc.? And what impact has the image of science as full of boldness, uncertainty, doubt, on the social legitimacy of science? Alex Pleshkov and Jan Surman discuss these and many other questions with Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison, the authors of Objectivity, one of the most important books of the 21st century in the field of the history of knowledge.
Suhadolets T.V. (Editor-in-Chief), Garwin I., Valdwell H., Nenrik Y., Forvits H., Thowe I., Zhansugurov I., Mazur V.V., Kovylkino D.Y., Kemalov A.F., Kemalov R.A., Abdullayev A.T., Kolomyts O.N., Bagiyan A.Y., Apsalikov K.N., Dergunov D.V., Abduvahabova M.A., Ermakov L.I., Palgova Z.Y., Nyyazbekova K.S., Berezhnaya V.I., Suleimenov E.N., Utelbaeva A.B., Utelbaev B.T., Zhukov Yu, Shubin O.S., Dudenkova N.A., Kotelnikov E.V., Sukhovskaya D.N., Goncharova E.H., Lobanov D.V., Shubin O.S., Melnikova N.A., Liferenko O.A., Bardin V.S., King J.V., Bednarzhevskii S.S., Zakirullin R.S., Magomedov A.N.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.