Взаимодействие государственных органов власти с общественными институтами в целях минимизации коррупционных проявлений в отношении бизнеса: докл. к XX Апр. междунар. науч. конф. по проблемам развития экономики и общества, Москва, 9–12 апр. 2019 г.
The author analyzes incentives for Russian companies to implement anti-corruption compliance programmes, place of anti-corruption compliance in corporate structure, main components of the Code of Conduct and anti-corruption compliance programme.
The collection of articles contains works by scientists that participated in the V International Scientific and Practical conference "The Sociology of Criminal Law: interdisciplinary aspect". The conference was held in Ulan-Ude in 2018.
The article investigates certain aspects of the national higher education system of Russian Federation. Special attention is paid to the presence of formal and informal mechanisms that facilitate the capture of regulation and rent extraction by the existing actors. The article presents an analysis of possibilities of opportunistic behavior of the administration of a higher education organization. As a source of the rent there might be inappropriate use of the institutions facilitated by the various mechanisms. In this case this source can be warranted by the internal regulatory documents of the organizations, as well as the external legal statutes. The research also presents analysis of rent extraction sources and examples of the use of administrative resources. The article points out the negative trends and growth of opportunities of rent seeking behavior of the actors of this market.
The manual consists of theoretical and practical parts. In the theoretical part, the essence and content of corruption as a social and legal phenomenon and its criminal and legal feature are revealed, the characteristic of combating corruption as a management system and the system itself as an object of anti-corruption policy is given. In each section of the theoretical part, questions for self-examination and creative thinking are formulated, which in most cases represent a problem of an analytical nature.
In the practical part, the issues of the discussion plan related to the systematization of knowledge of the new scientific branch - corrupciology, as well as the problem of corruption behavior are highlighted. Analytical tasks are formulated.
The article examines the regulatory burdens of the higher education sphere of Russia. The term «Red Tape» in modern economic literature is associated with presence of excessive regulatory requirements that cause waste of time and financial resources and do not provide benefits to society. Red Tapes mean excessive, meaningless paperwork, high degree of formalization and limitations, unnecessary procedures and numerous inefficient regulatory elements. The permanent reformation of the Russian education sector incorporates a broad range of regulatory requirements that lead to ambiguous results in the regulated sphere. The article analyzes possible purposes of the regulator and outcomes of these government interventions. The analysis shows that the attempts of achieving quantitative indicators have a negative impact on the regulated sphere of science and education. The aim of the article is to expose the negative outcomes of the bureaucratic mechanism, namely Red Tapes in the normative documents for possible regulatory intervention and modification.
The article is devoted to specific issues of implementation of preventive provisions of the UN Convention against corruption in the Russian administrative legislation. The General assessment of the corresponding legal norms is given, the main novelties of the legislation, possible problems of their implementation are analyzed
The article analyzes the moral considerations, legal and market incentives for organizations to implement anti-corruption compliance. It also assesses the role of anti-corruption compliance in prevention of corruption offences.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.