Импортозамещение и издержки обращения
The monograph reveals one of the Central perspectives of import substitution, which is not a simple increase in production volumes, but a reduction in the costs of both production and circulation, based on the use of advanced technologies corresponding to higher technological structures. The monograph is intended for students and postgraduates, as well as a wide range of readers interested in the possibilities of mareting as a concept of company management.
The Chapter describes the concept of import substitution and the approaches of different authors to this concept. The main emphasis is on the fact that import substitution is part of the state economic policy. The historical aspects of the emergence of this concept are considered.
The purpose of this paper is to describe how the food embargo influenced changes in the relationships among Russian agricultural companies. To achieve the objectives the qualitative research – focus group was conducted. The participants were selected from the companies of Russian agro-industrial complex, who at the time of the study held the position the position of senior or middle management personnel in the companies operating in Russia. The research identified that there are desires for long-term partnerships, priority of such characteristics as reliability and confidence in the company and its reputation among Russian agribusiness. That illustrates that the companies of the Russian agroindustrial complex are oriented to use the relational approach. The research identified that among agricultural companies in Russia the relevance of the Relationship marketing approach is increasing.
The work is devoted to the mechanisms of preference policy in public procurement system in Russia. The paper discusses the technologies and risks of the preference policy of government in the public contracting and justify the need for the balance between preferential support and open competition.
The article is devoted to the practical aspects of procurement procedures in the medical organizations according to Russian public procurement law. The paper discusses the peculiarities and risks of purchasing procedures of medicines, medical tools and equipment in the budgetary medical organizations.
The research was carried out an econometric analysis of the relationship of food spending residents of St. Petersburg on a number of factors. It has been established that the presence of the food embargo and the rise in oil prices increases the cost of food. High GDP growth reduces them. CPI product category affects differently.
The Russian agribusiness has immense possibilities. At present it is vital to create such economic conditions under which the farming sector could develop dynamically. The increase in the grain production is of crucial importance for a take-off in all agricultural branches. In this respect, the grain sector is Russia’s strategically significant economic segment. This paper presents both potential possibilities and risk insurance in the Russian grain market. The purpose of the article is to outline an economic appraisal and a holistic analysis of this industrial sector along with elaboration of guidelines which are aimed at adjustment in this area, and commercial process optimization with the view to speeding up the grain production in the Russian Federation, which will enable to raise the export turnover. The practical importance of the paper is based on the fact that if the currently important problems are solved, there is a possibility of ensuring food security, stabilization, and sustainable development of the grain industry.
This article examines the relationship between import of components and export of products in Russian manufacturing companies. We test whether the import of components and semi-finished goods for further processing increases export intensity and innovativeness of export at the firm level. Additionally, the effect of imports of equipment and other means of production on the competitiveness of exports is tested. We employ cross-sectional data for 895 manufacturing firms in Russia in 2014 which comes from the RUFIGE database. To test the hypothesis, we use probit regression. The study shows that import of high-tech components provides higher competitiveness in export markets and is associated with higher share of export revenues in Russian manufacturing firms. We also find a positive impact of imports of machinery and equipment on the export of high-tech products in Russian manufacturing firms.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.