Routledge Handbook of Justice and Home Affairs Research
Justice and Home Affairs is one of the fastest expanding areas of research in European Studies. The European response to security concerns such as terrorism, organised crime networks, and drug trafficking as well as to the challenge of managing migration flows are salient topics of interest to an increasing number of scholars of all disciplines, the media and general public. This handbook takes stock of policy development and academic research in relation to justice and home affairs and analyses the field in an unprecedented thematic depth.
The book comprehensively investigates the field from the perspective of the three dimensions central to European integration: the sectoral (policies), the horizontal (states, regions) and the vertical (institutions, decision-making) dimensions. It also discusses the most important theoretical approaches used in this research area and provides the reader with a state of the art picture of the field.
By adopting such a comprehensive and broad-based approach, the handbook is uniquely positioned to be an important referent for scholars, practitioners and students interested in the area of justice, home affairs and European politics.
This chapter focuses on EU justice and home affairs (JHA) policies towards its East European neighbours. Based on the analysis of the relevant policy evolutions and academic research, it shows that migration and related issues have dominated the agenda of EU JHA cooperation with these countries. The chapter underlines that EU policies have been significantly shaped by the eastward enlargement. It also emphasizes an important distinction between EU approaches to Eastern Partnership countries, on the one hand, and Russia, on the other. This is reflected in a wide range of legally binding, non-legally binding as well as operational cooperation instruments deployed by the EU in the fields of readmission, visa liberalization and border management. The chapter devotes special attention to the inherent tension between values and interests within the external dimension of EU JHA policies in the region. This tension amplifies an important challenge of coherence of EU policies in the context of an increasing competition with Russia in the shared neighbourhood.