The Art of Structuring
Structuring, or, as it is referred to in the title of this book, the art of structuring, is one of the core elements in the discipline of Information Systems. While the world is becoming increasingly complex, and a growing number of disciplines are evolving to help make it a better place, structure is what is needed in order to understand and combine the various perspectives and approaches involved. Structure is the essential component that allows us to bridge the gaps between these different worlds, and offers a medium for communication and exchange.
The contributions in this book build these bridges, which are vital in order to communicate between different worlds of thought and methodology – be it between Information Systems (IS) research and practice, or between IS research and other research disciplines. They describe how structuring can be and should be done so as to foster communication and collaboration. The topics covered reflect various layers of structure that can serve as bridges: models, processes, data, organizations, and technologies. In turn, these aspects are complemented by visionary outlooks on how structure influences the field.
The 11th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance (ICEGOV2018) took place in Galway, Republic of Ireland, between 4 and 6 April 2018. The conference was held under the high patronage of the Department of Public Expenditure and Reform (DPER), Government of Ireland. The Insight Centre for Data Analytics, part of the National University of Ireland Galway, co-organised ICEGOV2018 with the United Nations University Operating Unit on Policy-Driven Electronic Governance (UNU-EGOV), which is also the conference series organiser1. The conference organisation was also supported by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Science Foundation Ireland (SFI).
This paper presents a novel approach of tracking requirements history based on the usage of so-called speciﬁcation database. The approach was applied to the Linux Standard Base speciﬁcation. Both necessary database schema elements and required modiﬁcations of tools dealing with the database are concerned.
The annual ACM SIGMOD/PODS Conference is a leading international forum for database researchers, practitioners, developers, and users to explore cutting-edge ideas and results, and to exchange techniques, tools, and experiences. The conference includes a fascinating technical program with research and industrial talks, tutorials, demos, and focused workshops. It also hosts a poster session to learn about innovative technology, an industrial exhibition to meet companies and publishers, and a careers-in-industry panel with representatives from leading companies.
Information is used in modern enterprises in all sectors of the manufacturing processes for production to strategic planning and business management at the highest level. Due to the widespread introduction of electronic means of communication, regular changes in the markets and tightening of legislation there are increasing requirements for accuracy, timeliness and relevance of information. Along with it the volumes of information are increasing. In large enterprises the provision of reliable information is becoming a necessity. The practice of data management allows such companies to gain a holistic view of their IT resources, adjust the flow of data in the context of business processes, and to support the execution of activities on the integration of information systems, which ultimately creates the necessary conditions to ensure the reliability of information. The article discusses an integrated approach to enterprise data management, and proposes an architectural solution for the implementation of this approach in practice.
This paper presents an approach of developing a special environment to help application developers to create programs compliant with some interface standard. The paper suggests a design of the informational system aimed to make it easier to develop and to maintain such an environment on the basis of the existing systems, with necessary modiﬁcations in the areas concerned by the standard. To store information about existing systems and to facilitate their modiﬁcation, it is suggested to use a database with a set of accompanying tools. Necessary aspects of the database schema design are described, as well as some aspects of the tool architecture.
Effective usage of information systems by modern large companies is unthinkable without data management on the enterprise level. The time passed when it was sufficient for information needs of employees to implement several separate information systems. In large enterprises it is important to ensure the quality and consistency of data from various sources for the purpose of complex analysis, corporate reporting and regulatory requirements. Large-scale introduction of modern ERP information systems is only partially solves these problems because no ERP alone can fully cover all the information needs of the employees. Data management enables organizations to gain a holistic view of their IT resources, regulate the flow of data in the context of business processes, and works to support the integration of information systems. The paper considers an approach to data management based on enterprise architecture models. System architecture is proposed to implement this approach in large geographically distributed companies.
This paper presents a novel approach of collecting and managing information about existing Linux distributions and applications necessary for standardizing Linux ecosystem during Linux Standard Base speciﬁcation development. The approach is based on the usage of database designed on the basis of abstract model of the Linux ecosystem. The process of database schema design is described as well as design of tools for populating it with data and analytical instruments.
Case Management is the management of collaborative processes that coordinate content, knowledge, and resources to progress a business to achieve a particular goal, where the path of execution is often unpredictable and where human judgment has significant influence for determination of how the end goal can be achieved. The key characteristics of Case Management include: information complexity, knowledge-intensive, and variability. The knowledge-driven economy brings new challenges for business. Markets and business-processes are becoming more global, customers are more demanding, and product life cycles are shortening. The complexity of technologies, including Information Communication Technologies (ICT), is increasing. So while the knowledge economy represents new opportunities, certain actions are needed to support and take advantage of these developments. This evolution can be enhanced by the adoption of Case Management that has reduced the cost of gathering and disseminating knowledge. The contribution of Advanced Case Management (ACM) to innovation has been achieved most notably by reducing transaction costs between companies and other actors, especially in areas such as information search and buying. The main goal of this theoretical study is to evaluate the role of contemporary information systems (IS) and technologies for supporting Case Management as tool for forming corporate knowledge. Attention of many scientists and researchers in this subject field is focused on the study of Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Business Process Management (BPM), and Enterprise Content Management (ECM) or Electronic Document and Record Management (EDRMS) systems. But these technologies and systems are not sufficient to address the key problems. Enterprise Content Management and Business Process Management (BPM) with specific support for knowledge intensive processes can be discussed as more appropriate solution to Case Management successful implementation and use. BPM-based Case Management can take into account unpredictable or uncertain nature of cases and effectively combine processes and knowledge. It can consider as innovation in Data Management.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The Working Paper examines the peculiarities of the Russian model of corporate governance and control in the banking sector. The study relies upon theoretical as well as applied research of corporate governance in Russian commercial banks featuring different forms of ownership. We focus on real interests of all stakeholders, namely bank and stock market regulators, bank owners, investors, top managers and other insiders. The Anglo-American concept of corporate governance, based on agency theory and implying outside investors’ control over banks through stock market, is found to bear limited relevance. We suggest some ways of overcoming the gap between formal institutions of governance and the real life.
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management