Иностранные языки и межкультурная коммуникация: современные векторы развития и перспективы: сборник статей по результатам III научной конференции молодых ученых 17.05.2018 г. (ДИЯ НИУ ВШЭ)
The research deal with the issue of difficulties which occur during process of acquiring Russian by bilingual children. 3 Russian animated cartoons with a dynamic plot became stimuli for the production of speech by informants. During analysis we researched examples with complete morphological reduction; with the elimination of the variance of the expression of the grammatical category; with the unification of stems; with the elimination of peripheral components of the grammatical meaning. As a result of the research it was established that the peripheral phenomena of grammar are reduced, because the acquiring of the language is realized on the principle of "from general to particular"
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.