MED Report 2018: Building Trust: the Challenge of Peace and Stability in the Mediterranean
Four years after its launch, Rome MED – Mediterranean Dialogues has established itself as an annual conference and global hub for high-level dialogue aimed at enhancing debate among policy-makers and experts around current trends and challenges stemming from the Mediterranean region. The goal is to lay the groundwork for mutual understanding and trust building among regional actors, as a prerequisite for drafting a positive agenda. The third edition of this Report offers a vast array of insights, data and analyses on political, socio-economic and security dynamics unfolding throughout the region. In particular, the first section of the Report focuses on positive trends and achievements brought forward by regional actors. It also provides policy recommendations to strengthen these positive dynamics, with a view to further improving the socio-economic, political and security contexts in the Mediterranean basin. The second section turns the spotlight on the main security, political, economic and cultural challenges the region is currently facing.
The Report collects insights, analyses and policy recommendations from different perspectives and countries, also thanks to the collaboration of MED research partners and international experts.
For a long time, Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries struggled with serious socio-economic challenges and dysfunctional economic systems and policies. In the 2010s their macroeconomic performance further deteriorated due to the global and European financial crises, decline of commodity prices, and the failure of the Arab Spring, which triggered a new wave of intra-regional conflicts and added to the already high geopolitical and security risks. Finally, the badly needed economic and governance reforms progress at slow pace.