Проектное обучение: практики внедрения в университетах
Authors analyze enterprise environment development experience in the engineering universities. Authors consider the main approaches and vectors of the universities’ enterprise environment development, provide the review of the state initiatives. Article may be the base for methodical recommendations development for the universities’ enterprise environment formation.
The article describes the project approach to learning as a way of formation of professional competence of software engineering. Since this sphere is quite different from engineering as such, the process of learning and competencies performed in a special way : training project selected on the basis of those competencies that need to master.
The article describes the use of guidelines for the individual and collective (team) processes software development (Personal Software Process - PSP and Team Software Process - TSP), developed by the Software Engineering Institute (SEI) Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), to help understand what concrete actions, skills and knowledge necessary for the development of specific competences. Highlighted the benefits that gives distinction competency areas. The basic features of educational projects and the positive characteristics of project-based learning were formulated in terms of increased demand for specialists in the labor market.
This paper is concerned with some issues of English for Specific Purposes and English for Academic Purposes. The paper argues that a project-based English for Specific Academic Purposes course needs to integrate some features of Content-Based Instruction, English for Specific Purposes and English for Academic Purposes approaches. This paper attempts to highlight the benefits and challenges of such a course introduced at National Research University – Higher School of Economics, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.
Key words: EAP, ESP, CBI, EFL, project-based learning, reading and writing strategies
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.