Логос Гераклита: реконструкция мысли и слова. (С новым критическим изданием фрагментов).
Lebedev's monograph falls into two parts. Part I contains an outline of life and philosophy of Heraclitus of Ephesus (c. 540 – c. 480 B.C.), as well as a systematic study of his metaphorical language which is crucial for the precise intepretation of the extant fragments. The author arrives at the main conclusion that Heraclitus was not a «presocratic» «physicist», but an ethical, political and theological thinker of reformist stamp while his lost treatise in its aims in many respects anticipates the subject of Plato's «Poiliteia». The new readings and interpretations of the extant fragments demonstrate that the Stoics both in their philosophy of nature and in their ethics borrowed and developed some authentic fundamental ideas of Heraclitus rather that «projected» and read into his texts their own philosophical tenets. Part II of the monograph contains a new critical edition of the Greek text of the extant fragments (actually a new collection with a new reconstruction of the original structure of the lost work) with apparatus criticus and a new Russian translation followed by an extensive commentary to the fragments. The commentary to each fragment cocnsists of two parts as well: the first discusses problems of textual criticisms and authenticity, the second provides a philosophical interpretation. Both in scale and detailed analysis the new commentary is unparalleled in Russian historiography of ancient philosophy and Heraclitean studies.