"Актуальные задачи математического моделирования и информационных технологий", Материалы международной научно-практической конференции, 20-29 сентября 2017г.
In the paper technical efficiency of Russian plastic and rubber production firms in 2006–2010 is estimated by SFA. It is demonstrated that increasing firm size will cause increase in its efficiency and also there is increasing returns to scale in the sector. This result is robust for various specifications of the production function and SFA models. Autocorrelation of efficiency estimates is considered as a measure of their persistency.
Paper presents research findings devoted to technical efficiency of banks based on financial reports prepared in accordance with Russian accounting standards (RAS) and international financial reporting standards (IFRS). Key finding is that these estimates vary not only in absolute terms, but also across time and with respect to banks ranks.
In literarure there is no single answer to the question, whether the growth of imports in industry leads to decrease or to increase the technical efficiency: possible effect of different mechanisms. In this paper we estimate the stochastic production frontier using firm-level data for food industry in 2005–2011, taking into account a possible relationship between changes in imports and firm’s technical efficiency. We use the «Ruslana» (Bureau van Dijk) database, which contains financial information on companies in Russia. Our results show that in food industry technical efficiency is reducing while import share is increasing.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.