Международная молодежная школа-семинар "Современная геометрия и ее приложения". Международная конференция "Современная геометрия и ее приложения". Материалы школы-семинара и конференции.
We introduce a category of rigid geometries on smooth singular spaces of leaves of foliations.
A special category $\mathfrak F_0$ containing orbifolds is allocated. Unlike orbifolds, objects
of $\mathfrak F_0$ can have non-Hausdorff topology and can even not satisfy the separability axiom $T_0$.
It is shown that the rigid geometry $(N,\zeta)$, where $N\in (\mathfrak F_0)$, allows a desingularization. For each such geometry $( N,\zeta)$ we prove the existence and uniqueness of the structure of a finite-dimensional Lie group in the group of all automorphisms $Aut (N},\zeta)$.
The applications to the orbifolds are considered.
Finite element numerical schemes for solving the continuum mechanics problems are discussed. One of the authors developed a method of acceleration of calculations which uses the simplicial mesh inscribed in the original cubic cell partitioning of a three-dimensional body. In this work it is shown that the obstacle to the construction of this design may be described in terms of modulo 2 homology groups. The method of removing the obstacle is proposed.