Babel und Bibel 1 Ancient Near Eastern, Old Testament and Semitic Studies
Gam as a marker of the result text unit of the prophetic announcement (PA) occurs in the judgmeent speech, hence it is a marker of the announcement of punishment which connotes the negative reciprocity fairness from the part of Yahweh. It takes initial position in a sentence and is followed independent first person pronoun; in most cases it is preceded by the conjunction wə. PA with gam + independent personal pronoun belongs to the style of exilic-postexilic prophets, who are familiar with the fully conceptualized idea of the covenant – reciprocal relationship between Yahweh and his people. This usage of gam in Ezekiel, other propetic books and Proverbs is probably influenced by the language of the Holiness Code (Lev 26).
The article is devoted to the analysis of Amos 7:14 in the context of prophetic rhetoric. What does it mean if a personage of ancient Hebrew literature behaves like a prophet and at the same time denies that he is a prophet?